Leadership Dynamics in Foreign Interventions: Russia and France in Mali 2012-2022
Keywords:Foreign intervention, Mali, Russia in Africa, Identity Leadership
This study examines the leadership dynamics within foreign intervention, utilising the identity leadership framework set out in The New Psychology of Leadership (Haslam, Reicher, Platow, 2020). Utilising the case study of Russia and Franceâ€™s interventions in Mali, the work tests the assumptions of the framework to ascertain its applicability in large-scale, distant settings, finding that identity leadership is feasible in foreign intervention, but the approach is not comprehensive in its explanation of intervenor successes and failures. The approach taken was a desk-based, qualitative, comparative case study research. The work advances understanding of the nature of the exchange of influence between foreign intervenors and recipient states and maintains a recipient perspective throughout. The study has implications for the validity of identity leadership theory outside of traditional leadership, and approaches to studying foreign intervention. The work suggests that studying a broader conceptualisation of foreign intervention from a recipient perspective provides a richer understanding of leadership dynamics.